Prof Mohammad Imron: More than 60 Percent of Indonesian Fishermen Do Not Have a "SIM" to Drive a Boat
The capture fisheries sector has made a major contribution to the national economy. Opportunities for catch production have increased, from 7.19 percent (6.54 million tonnes) in 2016, up to 7.7 million tonnes in 2020.
“The problem is, currently there are several fishing gears that are environmentally friendly and not environmentally friendly. In addition, sometimes there is an assessment that capture fisheries are not environmentally friendly. But until now there has been no other fishing gear that is environmentally friendly," said Prof Mohammad Imron, a professor of the Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences (FPIK) IPB University at a Pre Science Oration Press Conference, (8/12).
“For example cantrang, during Minister Susi's era it was banned. Then it was allowed again by Prabowo, but now it is banned again. Therefore the development of effective and environmentally friendly fishing gear is urgently needed at this time. Effective fishing gear is not necessarily environmentally friendly and vice versa," he added.
According to him, fishing gear solutions that are said to be not environmentally friendly can still be operated by improving their construction or methods. For example the use of trammel net fishing gear which is the result of modification and is used to replace trawl fishing gear that is prohibited from operating.
“Actually, the cantrang can still be operated if there are improvements to the construction and methods. Cantrang can be modified to prevent the capture of protected species," he explained.
On the human resource side, he continued, fishing vessel crews must be equipped with several skills. Indonesian capture fisheries are still categorized as traditional because they are still dominated by small fishermen.
"So we need to encourage fishermen to fish in areas farther from the coast because the potential for resources off the coast or in the sea has not been utilized much. Many foreign fishermen enter our territorial waters, that's what makes fish theft. Due to the vast area of our waters, sometimes it is not monitored. This is a challenge that needs to be overcome so that in the future it can be even better," he explained.
He explained, what needs to be done for Indonesian fishermen is to improve their expertise and skills in catching fish. More than 60 percent of fishermen are not certified, both for their expertise and skills. They should have a fishing vessel nautical expert certificate (ANKAPIN) and fishing vessel technical expert certificate (ATKAPIN).
"This certificate is a kind of "SIM" at sea, because this can indicate that fishermen can drive a boat. Even though many fishing vessel crews do not yet have maritime competency certificates, they still get a sailing license from the harbormaster. The impact is that the ship's crew do not get wages and facilities according to competence," he continued.
Therefore, he added, it has become a demand of the times to make superior capture fisheries human resources so that sustainability is realized. (Zul)(*)(IAAS/AZA)
Published Date : 09-Dec-2022
Resource Person : Prof Mohammad Imron,
Keyword : capture fisheries, fishermen, FPIK, IPB University