Professor of IPB: Replaced Antibiotics with Probiotics
The use of antibiotics in livestock in the long term and with the dose of subtherapeutic caused the pathogenic bacteria invulnerability particularly zoonotic, and the indigenous bacteria toward the antibiotics used. Several studies reported that the antibiotic resistant genes could be transferred to the pathogenic bacteria in particular the human digestive tract bacteria through the consumption of animal products contaminated with the bacteria, so the use of similar antibiotics in human were not able to kill the pathogenic bacteria.
In Indonesia itself already existed the Act (UU) which prohibited the use of antibiotics, namely the Law of Animal Husbandry and Animal Health No. 18 in the year of 2009 article 22 paragraph 4c which read “Setiap orang dilarang menggunakan pakan yang dicampur hormon tertentu dan atau antibiotik imbuhan pakan / Every person is prohibited from using feed mixed with certain hormones and or antibiotics of feed additives”. However, until now this Law had not been revealed to be a Government Regulation so that it could not be implemented. We hereby concluded our points that Prof.Dr. I Komang W, Professor of Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) in the press conference of the pre Oration in Campus of IPB Baranangsiang, Bogor (22/9).
“To reduce the use of antibiotics, it is necessary to look for alternative feed additives which have the same roles as the antibiotics, but more friendly to human welfare, livestock and environment. One alternative is the probiotics,” he said.
Probiotics were the supplement microbial life which if given in sufficient amounts would provide beneficial effects for the health of the host. Microbes that could be used as the probiotics namely bacteria, yeasts and molds.
Giving the probiotics in the young ruminant livestock would help balance the population of microbial digestive tract, as well as prevent the diarrhea and increase the growth. The use of probiotics in the adult ruminant livestock aimed to prevent the occurence of metabolic disorders namely acidosis and to reduce the production of methane gas.
“Cattle sheep inoculated with the probiotics of lactic acid bacterium S. ruminantium subsp lactilytica of 108 cfu is able to prevent the accumulation of lactic acid in the rumen compared with the control. This has been applied in Africa to overcome the sheep experiencing acidosis,” he explained.
Prof. Komang succeeded in conducting the isolation tolerant bacteria of tannin of the goat Kaligesing which was used to consume kaliandra containing tannin. The bacterial isolate was very potential to be developed as the probiotics to be given to livestock that had not been adapted with the feed containing tannin.
The use of probiotics in the livestock industry was very promising, although it still needed the studies for perfecting. The rapid genomic information development allowed us to assemble a new probiotic strains which had higher activity so that the use of probiotics could be further optimized, he added.(zul)
Published Date : 02-Oct-2015
Resource Person : Prof.Dr. I Komang W, Guru Besar Fakultas Peternakan Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB)
Keyword : ipb