IPB University Research Team Develops Superior Local Chicken Clump IPB D1

A number of researchers from the Faculty of Animal Science (Fapet) and the School of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Science (SKHB) IPB University developed superior local broiler chickens for IPB D1. IPB D1 chickens are claimed to be disease resistant, grow fast and have high antioxidant meat as functional food. Researchers involved in the assembly of superior chickens of IPB D1 are Prof. Cece Sumantri as chairman, Dr. Sri Darwati, Prof. Niken Ulupi, Prof. Sumiati and Dr. Sri Murtini as members.
Prof. Cece explained, the formation of IPB D1 chickens was a very strategic step. This is because in order to maintain food security and food self-sufficiency in animal protein originating from local chickens in rural communities.

The chicken expert from IPB University continued, the development of the breeding, feed industry and local chicken cultivation techniques is expected to reduce the dependence on meat and eggs from broilers whose seeds and feed are still imported. Thus, he said, local chicken farming agribusiness can develop well, especially in rural areas which will directly drive the rural economy.

Prof. Cece explained, IPB D1 Chicken was developed by the Faculty of Animal Science Team of IPB University since 2010. The local chicken is a cross from an F1 male (Pelung x Sentul) with an F1 female (village x Parent Stock Cobb broiler). Genetically, IPB D1 chickens have a gene composition of pelung chicken: sentul: kampung: Cobb, each of which is 25 percent.

The IPB University lecturer explained that IPB D1 chickens were crossed with each other until the 5th generation and were selected through the use of molecular genetics.

IPB University's chicken research for the field of Livestock Breeding and Genetics was carried out by Prof. Cece Sumantri and Dr. Sri Darwati. Meanwhile, the cultivation technique was carried out by Prof. Niken Ulupi, and related to disease resistance was carried out by Dr. Drh Sri Murtini and for the feed sector was carried out by Prof. Sumiati. Not only that, this research is also equipped with technological aspects of livestock products by Prof. Irma Isnafia Arief and socio-economic aspects of livestock and marketing by Dr Lucia Cyrilla.

In 2019, IPB D1 Chickens have been designated as a new family of superior local broiler chickens with SK No.693/KPTS/PK.230/M/9/2019. IPB D1 chickens are claimed to have the ability to grow fast, have good meat quality, and are resistant to Newcastle Disease (ND) and Salmonella.

Prof. Cece continued, the development of IPB D1 chickens since 2020 is targeted to obtain prospective IPB D2 female parent lines (female line). The broodstock is expected to be more resistant to diseases, especially ND. And the IPB D3 male line (male line) which grows even faster.

"Thus, it will produce upgraded IPB D1 chickens that are superior, both in disease resistance, growth and meat quality, especially the mineral content of Fe and Zn in the meat," said Prof. Cece.

He hopes that in 2024 for the IPB D2 line and in 2026 for the IPB D3 line, it can be approved for release as a new line by the Commission Team for Determination and Release of Clumps and Livestock Lines, Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia.

Based on studies that have been carried out, IPB D1 chickens have a weight ranging from 0.9 - 1.1 kilograms at 10 weeks of age, high ND disease resistance, egg production reaches 45 percent, high mineral content in meat and the proportion of breast meat reaches 20 percent.

Meanwhile, IPB D2 chickens weigh about 1.0 - 1.3 kilograms at 10 weeks of age, high resistance to ND disease, high mineral content in meat and the proportion of breast meat reaches 20 percent, and egg production capacity reaches 50 percent.

Meanwhile, IPB D3 chickens can weigh more than 1.3 kilograms at the age of 10 weeks, have high resistance to ND disease, the proportion of breast meat reaches 20 percent, and the ability to produce eggs reaches 45 percent.

Regarding development, Prof Cece admitted that he had collaborated with several partners. He explained that collaboration with partners from the industry had been carried out since 2017 with Ir Bambang Krista MM from UD Citra Lestari Farm as IPB D1 Chicken Licensor. In its development, in addition to propagation of IPB D1 chicken clumps, IPB D2 line candidates and IPB D3 candidates also carried out IPB Final stock, namely by crossing IPB D1 males with females from UD Citra Lestari Farm. The program is carried out through the RISPRO-LPDP Productive Innovative Research program for the 2020-2023 period.

Not only that, the IPB University team has also collaborated with partners from the Sinar Harapan Farm (SHF) farmer group from Jampang Tengah, Sukabumi since 2015. The farmer group is chaired by Ali Mustofa, an alumnus of IPB University from the Faculty of Animal Husbandry. The collaboration is carried out through the CPPBT/Prastartup program scheme (Prospective Technology-Based Beginner Entrepreneurs) in 2018 and the Startup program 2021 and RISPRO-LPDP 2020-2023. The IPB University team also collaborates with a farmer group from Boyolali, namely PT Nutfah Unggul Inti Makmur (NUI) through the Rispro LPDP 2020-2023 program and a pre-startup program in 2022.

On August 10, 2022 to coincide with the Commemoration of National Technology Awakening Day (Hakteknas), IPB University through the Institute for Research and Community Service (LPPM) launched this chicken variety innovation, located at the Rectorate Building, Dramaga Campus, Bogor. (*) IAAS/SYA

Published Date : 10-Aug-2022

Resource Person : Prof Cece Sumantri

Keyword : IPB Superior Chicken, growing fast, disease resistant and functional meat