The Breeding Team of IPB University Assembles Winged and Cowpea Varieties as a Substitute for Soybeans
Soybean needs in Indonesia reach around 2.3 million tons per year. However, the domestic soybean production capacity is only around 800 thousand tons per year. Domestic soybean production tends to be still not optimal. On the other hand, soybean demand continues to increase due to high consumption, so the government has to import to meet these needs. Therefore, a solution is needed to overcome these problems. One alternative that can be used is through optimizing the use of local beans.
Various types of local beans have the potential to be developed as a companion to soybeans because they have almost the same nutritional content as soybeans and can adapt well to the Indonesian environment. Types of beans that can be used in an effort to utilize local beans as a companion to soybeans are winged bean and cowpea. These two types of nuts can be used as raw materials for making tempeh, tofu, soy sauce, and miso.
Winged bean is a plant native to Indonesia. The nutritional content of winged bean is very similar to soybean. For example, the protein content of winged bean seeds is 30-35 percent comparable to the protein content of soybean seeds. The productivity of winged bean seeds can reach 4 tons per hectare. Unfortunately, until 2019, there have been no varieties officially released by the Ministry of Agriculture, so the development of winged bean by farmers is relatively hampered.
The cowpea also has the potential to be developed by Indonesia because it can be cultivated on marginal dry land. The protein content of cowpeas is 20-25 percent and productivity reaches 4 tons per hectare. Cowpea varieties are still limited so it is necessary to continue to develop new varieties.
On August 10, 2022 to coincide with the Commemoration of National Technology Awakening Day (Hakteknas), IPB University launched this winged and cowpea variety innovation, located at the Rectorate Building, Dramaga Campus, Bogor. The Breeding Team of IPB University from the Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, chaired by Prof. Dr. Muhamad Syukur and consisting of Dr. Arya Widura Ritonga, Sulassih, SP, MSi and M Alfarabi Istiqlal, SP, MSi has succeeded in assembling winged bean varieties since 2016. have been generated, namely IPB Password, Melody IPB and Fairuz IPB.
Prof. Syukur explained that the three varieties have been registered with the Center for Variety Protection and Agricultural Licensing since 2019. He said that the three varieties were the first winged bean varieties registered with the Ministry of Agriculture.
"Two of them, namely Melody IPB and Fairuz IPB, have received a Plant Variety Protection (PVT) certificate from the Ministry of Agriculture in 2022. This is the first PVP certificate for winged bean varieties in Indonesia," said Prof. Muhamad Syukur, Professor of the Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University.
The IPB University lecturer explained that the protein content of these three varieties was 31-33 percent; seed productivity between 3-4 tons per hectare, with an average weight of 100 seeds around 34-39 grams per seed.
Furthermore, Prof. Syukur explained, the main characteristics of the Sandi IPB variety are the color of the light purple pods and the color of dark purple seeds. Meanwhile, the Melody IPB variety has striated young pods and dark purple seeds. The Fairuz IPB variety has a light green pod color and a cream seed color.
"Because the color of the young pods is purple, the IPB Code has high antioxidant content and activity, so it is also good as a vegetable," said Prof Syukur.
He said that the provision of winged bean varieties is expected to accelerate the development of winged bean cultivation in farmers. This new variety is also expected to increase the availability of seeds as raw material for making tempeh or other products based on local beans.
Besides winged wings, Prof. Syukur and his team have also succeeded in assembling cowpea varieties since 2017. There are four varieties that have been successfully assembled, namely Albina IPB, Uno IPB, Tampi IPB and Arghavan IPB. The four varieties have been registered with the Center for Variety Protection and Agricultural Licensing since 2020. The protein content of these four varieties is 22-24 percent, seed productivity reaches 3-4 tons per hectare and the average weight of 100 seeds is 15-17 grams per seed. .
Prof. Syukur explained that the main characteristic of the Albina IPB variety is the creamy white color. Meanwhile, the Uno IPB variety has a black seed color and the Tampi IPB variety has a black beige striped seed color. And the Arghavan IPB variety has a reddish seed color.
"Albina IPB has been developed as an ingredient for making tempeh, with the name Tempe Albina Sehat. Albina's Healthy Tempe brand has been registered with the Ministry of Law and Human Rights in 2020," said Prof Syukur.
He continued, the production and marketing of Albina's Healthy Tempe is in collaboration with PT Mastero Circle Indonesia. Albina's Healthy Tempeh is produced through hygienic process and with proper washing, boiling, fermenting and fermenting techniques. (*)
Published Date : 10-Aug-2022
Resource Person : Prof Dr Muhamad Syukur
Keyword : IPB innovation, tempeh innovation, cowpea, winged bean, soybean substitute
SDG : SDG 2 - ZERO HUNGER, SDG 9 - INDUSTRY, INNOVATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE, SDG 8 DECENT WORK AND ECONOMIC GROWTH