IPB University Students Get Insights Regarding the Bio-Village Concept as an Integrated Conservation Action for Peatlands
Masters Program in Landscape Architecture at IPB University, held a Studium General for Rural and Agricultural Landscape Courses, 3/6. The theme raised is “Sustainable Development of Tropical Peatlands in Indonesia through Bio-Village Concepts.” This material was presented by Prof. Wahyu Dwianto from the Research Center for Biomass and Bioproducts, the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN).
In his presentation, Prof. Wahyu explained that the peat ecosystem is one of the largest carbon sources for the earth. However, the rate of accumulation is only one millimeter per year. "This means that peat swamp forests with a depth of more than three meters take 300 years to form under natural hydrological conditions," he said.
Prof. Wahyu said this fact should make the world community aware of the importance of preserving the peat ecosystem. Especially in carbon balancing in the midst of climate change.
“Peatlands provide important ecosystem services for local communities, especially maintaining air and water quality, providing forest resources and supporting fish populations for local consumption. Peatlands are also home to various types of flora and fauna that are threatened with extinction,” he explained.
Prof. Wahyu said that the clearing of land for agriculture and industrial plantations was allegedly one of the causes of the decline in the area of peatlands in Indonesia. According to him, only the Papua region has peatlands with original conditions.
Regarding efforts to save peatlands, Prof. Wahyu said that conservation apart from restoration, revitalization and revegetation, is reducing fires as one of the main key. Some of the challenges in this conservation effort are the difficulty of obtaining initial funding. Meanwhile, researchers face another challenge, namely the difficulty of identifying appropriate restoration conservation targets and the appropriate level of intervention to meet them.
“A multi-stakeholder analysis is an important prerequisite before starting a restoration project and should include consideration of the ecological conditions at the site, existing restoration barriers, and the needs and desires of local communities,” he added.
Prof. Wahyu explained, the Biovillage concept is an integrated action for sustainable peatland and mangrove restoration which involves researchers from various fields. This activity was organized by research members of the Alumni Association of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Indonesia, which received funding through the 2021 Japan-ASEAN Science, Technology, and Innovation Platform (JASTIP-Net).
"This concept places humans and natural resources as valuable assets and is expected to improve the quality of life of local communities by managing existing natural resources wisely and sustainably as the main capital in driving the village economy," said Prof Wahyu.
He explained that one of the villages chosen as the location for the implementation of the Bio-Village was Tanjung Leban Village, Riau. (MW) (IAAS/GHN)
Published Date : 08-Jun-2022
Resource Person : Prof Wahyu
Keyword : landscape architecture, Masters Program in Landscape Architecture of IPB University, peat land, bio-village, conservation, SDGs