Prof. Hermanu Triwidodo: Holocentric Action Research is the Solutions for Indonesian Agricultural Development
Holocentric action research encourages collaboration between government, researchers, and farmers', especially in a collaborative framework oriented to solving agricultural problems in the field. IPB University is expected to become an educational institution that encourages this holocentric action research as a solution to solving the sectoral deadlock of agricultural development programs in Indonesia.
"So far, the action research is still using a technocentric approach," said Prof. Hermanu Triwidodo, Professor of IPB University from the Faculty of Agriculture, in the Pre-Scientific Press Conference entitled Research on Holocentric Action to Overcome Pest Explosions on 19/5. According to him, this holocentric action research can be an innovative approach in dealing with cases of pest explosions that occur in various places in Indonesia. Holocentric action research can be a research prototype to support sustainable agricultural development in Indonesia.
As a researcher who has worked directly in the field with farmers for more than three decades, Prof. Hermanu sees that the technocentric approach is still the primary approach to looking at agricultural problems. He said technocentric was the approach used and became the basis of the green revolution. The technocentric approach is implemented by applying the technology package developed by the center of expertise with a linear way of thinking.
Prof. Hermanu added that farmers are only placed as users of the technology produced by the center of expertise. In this case, the problems in the field are documented, brought, and researched to obtain conclusions and technologies that are ready to be applied by farmers.
"In this approach, pesticides and synthetic chemicals are an important thing. This approach has weaknesses and creates a failed situation with an explosion of brown planthoppers and white stem borers," said the man born in Tulungagung, 65 years ago.
In applying holocentric action research, Prof. Hermanu explained that researchers no longer distance themselves from farmers but conduct studies with them. Holocentric action research opens up space and opportunity for all parties to constructively contribute to resolving problems.
He explained that holocentric action research in pest management allows researchers and farmers to create innovations from a shared learning process. This is different from the technocentric approach, in which farmers are positioned as technology users designed by expert sources.
"The contribution of researchers in the holocentric approach is collaborative involvement to produce solutions directly without waiting for scientific publications," he said.
Prof. Hermanu also explained that one of the implementations and instruments of this holocentric action research approach is in the field laboratory. This field laboratory became a medium for the growth and development of the human learning process with communicative rationality.
"In this field laboratory, the approach can be seen that communication has become more effective. There is no longer a distance between researchers and farmers as in the technocentric model," he said. In the research he developed, Prof. Hermanu saw that the expanse of rice fields was not only seen physically but also as the 'soft side of the land .'He saw the hidden potential of the experience and wisdom of farmers and biological diversity with various levels and functions.
"During this research, the interaction of elements of the environmental system and social system significantly influences and determines crop yields. Even the interaction of these various stakeholders is also decisive. This is shown in the use of natural enemies, lamp traps for pests, collection of egg groups involving village officials and school children suppressing rice borer attacks," explained him.
The field laboratory was established in Panyingkiran Village, Karawang Regency, and became one of the research markers with a holocentric approach that Prof. Hermanu and other researchers had carried out. In addition, the Gotong Royong Safari, which was held in 2007 by reached 24 districts on the island of Java, is a tangible manifestation of the development of this holocentric action research approach.
“This Gotong Royong Safari activity is another form of field laboratory. The spirit built in the Gotong Royong Safari is to invite together to develop rational agriculture, combine the experience of farmers with the knowledge of researchers and get support from the government in its implementation, "said Prof. Hermanu.
He also suggested that IPB University could be a pioneer in collaborating on this holocentric action research with an incentive system equivalent to the other two dharmas of higher education. Namely, education and research. So far, IPB University has pioneered various programs and activities such as Lecturer in Service, Lecturer Back to Hometown, IPB Quick Response, etc. (IAAS/INT)
Published Date : 19-May-2022
Resource Person : Prof Hermanu Triwidodo
Keyword : IPB University, Professor, Scientific Oration of IPB professor, holocentric
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