IPB University Lecturers Discuss the Importance of Research for the Development of a Blue Economy in Indonesia

Dr Taryono Kodiran, IPB University Lecturer from the Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences was invited to a Webinar Lecture and Learning Session for the Masters Study Program (S2) Natural Resources Management at the Andalas University Graduate School to discuss the concept of the Blue Economy, (18/05). In this activity, he said that the revolution in the global economic system and food production provided an opportunity for the blue revolution concept. The blue revolution encourages an economy based on the potential of the sea.

According to him, Indonesia already has policies related to the blue economy and it is reflected in Law Number 32 of 2014 concerning maritime affairs. "The emphasis is on sustainable innovation and being able to support and maintain the function of marine ecosystems," he said. He made an important note that the biggest challenge for the blue economy is to use the ocean more sustainably. Marine ecosystems must have economic value and activities in the form of environmental goods and services. This concept should also focus on inclusiveness.

He added that capital in the form of marine resources, sustainability and socio-economics became the basis of a sustainable blue economy. Joint research has an obligation so that this capital can be put to good use. “Research results must also be able to guarantee sustainability aspects, so it is necessary to strengthen institutions that are able to bring these capital functions to run as expected. Mainly all parties play a role in ensuring the sustainability of any blue economy research results," he explained.

He explained that the level of blue economic development can also be measured using the Blue Economy Development Index (BEDI). Some of the indicators used are marine resource capital, supporting factors, social capital and sustainable growth.

This index can measure the level of readiness of blue economy development in Indonesia.
According to him, the blue economy concept can be applied to the Fishery Management Area (WPP). Given that the sea has characteristics and systems that may be sorted out. Blue economy sectors that are still developing, such as aquaculture to high-tech marine services and products also require the involvement of various parties.

He also mentioned that the estimated investment in the maritime sector requires approximately 350 trillion rupiah. Meanwhile, the investment disbursed by the government is still far from sufficient. Other financing mechanisms such as Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) or crowd funding or other forms are expected to be able to make up for the lack of investment.

“We need to attract investors to be motivated to develop this blue economy. Of course the authorities that should be able to do this, from the central government to local governments. These financing patterns need to be supported by strong legislation and institutions,” he added.

According to him, the government must have a big plan to develop a blue economy in marine areas that tend to be unfriendly. Various researches related to the blue economy sector also need to be encouraged, especially related to patterns that are suitable to be developed at the community level. The hope is that modification and initiation by the community can grow by itself. (MW/Zul)

Published Date : 22-May-2022

Resource Person : Dr Taryono Kodiran

Keyword : Lecturer of IPB University, blue economy, marine research