Professor of FPIK IPB University Reveals the Importance of Certification in Shrimp Cultivation
According to Prof. Bambang Widigdo, IPB University Lecturer from the Department of Aquatic Resources Management, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences (FPIK), the shrimp business is still very attractive economically because it is export-oriented. At the farmer level, this business margin ranges from 30-40 thousand per kilogram and is not significantly affected despite the COVID-19 pandemic.
"In order for Indonesian shrimp culture products to compete in the international market, we must be able to show how far they can meet international requirements or criteria," he said in the "Technical Guidance on Good Fish Cultivation (CBIB)" activity, which was held by the Marine and Fisheries Service. Takalar Regency, South Sulawesi some time ago.
He added that the criteria in question had been formulated by the World Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in its guidelines called the International Principles of Responsible Shrimp Farming (IPRSF).
"The essence of these requirements is that shrimp farming production activities must be carried out in an environmentally friendly, socially friendly manner and the products are healthy for consumption or do not contain antibiotics and hazardous chemical residues," he said.
According to him, environmental issues related to shrimp pond cultivation include changes in the mangrove landscape that are converted into ponds, salination (intrusion of seawater into land), the use of fish meal (by catch), pollution of coastal waters due to pond waste, and threats. biodiversity” (if the fry are taken from nature).
“Environmental observers or researchers have recently begun to aggressively link the increase in greenhouse gases (greenhouse gases) with the expansion of shrimp ponds. According to studies by several researchers, shrimp farming activities are ranked first in reducing the area of Indonesia's mangrove forests, followed by timber mining and other activities," he explained.
The dilemma, he continued, is that the government is currently trying to increase shrimp production to 250 percent in 2024 compared to 2018, and plans to open new ponds of around 100 thousand hectares.
"So it is recommended that ponds are built on supratidal areas (above mangrove forest areas) and traditional ponds are increased in intensity to traditional plus, semi-intensive, or intensive," he added.
Prof. Bambang highlighted that abandoned ponds should be replanted with mangrove trees.
"In order for our products to win global competition, they must follow certifications either through national programs (CBIB) or internationally," he explained. (**/Zul) (IAAS/PSA)
Published Date : 31-Dec-2021
Resource Person : Prof Bambang Widigdo
Keyword : Shrimp Farm, IPB University
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