IPB University Held First Aid Workshop on Venomous Snake Bites

The Risk management and Work Environment Protection Office (KMRPLK) of IPB University held a first aid workshop for snakebite accidents, 26/11. This training aims to provide knowledge for IPB University residents about handling accidents due to snake bites.

Dr. Aceng Hidayat, Secretary of the Institute, who is also the Head of IPB University’s KMRPLK explained that this workshop is intended so that IPB University residents can live side-by-side and be on the alert in case of snake bites. He said IPB University had been actively building a culture of Occupational Health and Safety (K3).

This workshop presented Dr. Tri Maharani, a toxicologist from the Indonesia Toxicology Society (ITS) and a researcher from the Central Health Research and Development Agency 2 of the Indonesian Ministry of Health. She explained that Indonesia’s geographical location makes the types of flora and fauna diverse, including the type of snake.

“The incidence of venomous snakes during the pandemic is said to be quite high, and this case is an emergency that should not be ignored,” said Tri Maharani.
In distinguishing between venomous and non-venomous snake bites, Tri said, it can be seen from the type of bite mark that resembles a stab. She explained that the bite of a venomous snake usually results in death in the form of respiratory failure. This is because the respiratory muscles are paralyzed due to toxins from snake venom. The result is heart failure and death.

However, she said, the perception of snakebite handling in the community is sometimes still magical or through actions that are not recommended. For example, such as sucked, tied, removed the blood, or treated with herbal ingredients. It is feared that this action could lead to other fatalities.

“This incident is task or us together that first aid in the community, medical, and educated is still a first aid that is not recommended and not properly researched, so it still cannot be accounted for,” she said.

Tri explained that the recommended method is based on WHO (World Health Organization) research through immobilization. She said the body area affected by the snake bite should not be moved to prevent the spread. Areas of the body can be held, for example, by using wooden planks.

However, there are types of snakes, such as the Sumatran cobra or the Javan cobra, that can spit venom. “Venom can get in the eyes and its collagenase properties, so it can cause blindness if the right first aid is not done,” said Tri.

Therefore, she said, the solution is to do irrigation by giving water or intravenous fluids. “If the initial aid is correct, the absence of antivenom will no longer be a problem because we have been able to cut the preventive chain into a curative chain,” she added.

Currently, she said, the availability of antivenom in Indonesia is only two kinds, while the types of venomous snakes in Indonesia are diverse. Moreover, antivenom needs to be imported, and the purchase is not as easy as commercial drugs, so first aid is an important skill.

“If first aid and antivenom are not effective and the victim has heart failure, the last resort that must be done is to do a heart massage. This basic life support should be owned by every Indonesian citizen, not just medical officers,” concluded Tri Maharani. (MW) (IAAS/ERN)

Published Date : 30-Nov-2021

Resource Person : Dr Aceng Hidayat, Dr Tri Maharani

Keyword : Office of Risk Management and Work Environment Protection of IPB, snake, venom, first aid, snakebite