Professor Rudy Priyanto Said Local Cattle are Potential as Premium Meat Producers
Professor Rudy Priyanto, Professor of IPB University from the Faculty of Animal Science said that local cattle are a very potential meat-producing livestock resource in Indonesia. He said the current local cattle population is around 17 million heads consisting of various breeds with Bali cattle as the highest population (33 percent).
This IPB University lecturer at the Department of Animal Production and Technology explained that based on the results of morphometric studies on various local cattle breeds, it showed that there was a diversity of body skeleton sizes that described differences in maturity type, growth performance and beef weight. He also said that the morphometric study also succeeded in identifying body parameters that characterize beef cattle and working type cattle.
"From this study, local cattle need to be developed into beef cattle by increasing the size of the skeleton and body dimensions, especially hip width, chest width and chest depth," said Prof. Rudy Priyanto, an expert on ruminants from IPB University.
Currently, said Prof. Rudy, the local cattle breeds that develop in Indonesia are still dominated by small to medium skeleton cows. The local cattle are descendants of Bos javanicus, Bos indicus which are working type cattle and the result of a cross between the two types of cattle. Prof. Rudy said that these local cattle have relatively low growth characteristics and slaughter weights, making it difficult to meet domestic beef needs.
Furthermore, Prof. Rudy explained, it is difficult for local cattle to produce premium steak based on USDA Choice standards because some local cattle breeds contain Bos indicus blood. The reason, this local cow produces meat that is relatively hard.
Among local cattle breeds, said Prof. Rudy, Bali cattle aged 1.5 to 2.5 years can produce meat that meets USDA Choice quality standards. He explained that Bali cattle are also capable of producing high yields of meat with the advantage of distribution in class I cuts of meat on the back, especially striploin and cuberoll.
"Bali cattle with a population of more than five million head are native Indonesian cattle that have the potential to be developed as premium meat-producing livestock," said Prof. Rudy.
Prof. Rudy explained, these cattle can be cultivated profitably in various ecosystems spread in various areas of cattle production centers in Indonesia. The strategy for developing Bali cattle as premium meat-producing livestock must be integrated from upstream to downstream.
“We need to develop a breeding farm and fattening center for Bali cattle. We also need to standardize livestock and meat,” said Prof. Rudy.
Not only that, other developments that need to be done are the development of premium Balinese beef branding and the development of a niche market. Prof. Rudy also emphasized that this development requires policy support in favor of the Bali cattle production business as a producer of premium meat from upstream to downstream. (RA) (IAAS/IRN)
Published Date : 22-Oct-2021
Resource Person : Profesor Rudy Priyanto
Keyword : cattle, bali cattle, beef, premium beef, IPB lecturer
SDG : SDG 12 - RESPONSIBLE CONSUMTION AND PRODUCTION, SDG 15 - LIFE ON LAND