Responding to the excitement of Aisha's wedding, Dr Tin Herawati talked about the importance of preparing for the marriage age
One of the important factors that must be prepared to enter marriage is the age of marriage. Age preparation is very important because it is related to physical, mental, emotional and economic maturity. Especially for women, age preparation is also related to pregnancy readiness and readiness to accept the presence of a baby who is born.
Unpreparedness of age at marriage or known as child marriage still occurs in Indonesia. Data from the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS, 2000) states that the prevalence of child marriage in 2018 is 11.21 percent or more than 1 million women aged 20-24 years have their first marriage before the age of 18. As many as 0.56 percent (61.3 thousand) of women aged 20-24 years had their first marriage before the age of 15.
Child marriage accompanied by a lack of preparation will cause tasks in family life to run less well and marriage satisfaction is low so that it has a greater risk of divorce. The results showed that child marriage has low readiness for marriage, especially financial, mental, intellectual readiness and family life readiness. Perpetrators of child marriages generally have low education which has an impact on the income they receive, some even do not have any source of income, which will have an impact on low marriage satisfaction.
Dr. Tin Herawati, Chair of the Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology (IKK-Fema) IPB University said that to enter the gate of marriage, a person must be able to obtain economic resources to meet the needs of family members. If this is not fulfilled, problems will arise in family life that lead to divorce. She made this comment in response to the excitement of Aisha Wedding, which campaigned for early marriage at a very young age.
According to her, the age of marriage in Indonesia has been regulated in statutory regulations. Article 7 Paragraph 1 of Law (UU) Number 16 of 2019 concerning Amendments to Law No. 1 of 1974 concerning Marriage states that marriage is only permitted if the man and woman have reached the age of 19. In addition, Law Number 35 of 2014 concerning Child Protection states that parents are obliged and responsible to prevent child marriages.
The law states that a child is someone who is not yet 18 years old. Some of the factors that cause child marriage are low parental knowledge, economic conditions, culture, and pregnancy outside of marriage due to free sex.
"Low mental readiness in child marriage is usually faced with unpreparedness to face situations after marriage, including not being ready to take care of the children they are born with," she said.
Furthermore, Tin Herawati explained that mental readiness is very important to prepare for the possibilities that occur and anticipate risks in married life. If you don't have mental readiness you will be depressed and stressed when you face marriage problems. The low intellectual readiness for child marriage is indicated by the inadequate preparation of knowledge and information related to married life, how to care for pregnancy, raising children and managing finances.
With good intellectual readiness, according to her, more knowledge and information will be obtained which can help overcome problems or obstacles. If you do not have intellectual readiness, it will cause errors in solving problems that can lead to arguments.
"With the low readiness in family life, in general child marriage actors do not understand family life. Including not understanding in carrying out functions, roles and duties in family life. If you do not understand this, it will trigger conflict in the family and lead to divorce. Considering some of the problems found in child marriage, it is better if the marriage is well prepared to achieve the goal, namely a happy family," she added. (** / Zul)
Published Date : 15-Feb-2021
Resource Person : Dr Tin Herawati
Keyword : Child Marriage, Age of marriage and divorce, Fema IPB University, Department of Family and Consumer Sciences