Dr. Wiyoto Shares Tips on Caring for Ornamental Fish


Maintaining ornamental fish is one of the hobbies that can help relieve stress caused by daily routine activities. The relationship formed between humans and ornamental fish should be a symbiotic relationship mutualism. In order for ornamental fish to be healthy and beautiful to look at, the owner must be careful in maintaining it.

Lecturer in Production Technology and Management of Aquaculture, Vocational School of IPB University, gave some tips on caring for ornamental fish. “The maintenance of ornamental fish is carried out starting from the container used, the acclimatization process, to monitoring the health of the fish. This needs to be done so that the ornamental fish we keep are healthy and agile so they look beautiful,” said Dr. Wiyoto.

The first thing to start in caring for ornamental fish is to ensure the condition of the aquarium. In the first use, the aquarium is cleaned and disinfected using chlorine and then rinsed with clean water and dried.

The next step is the acclimatization process which is the adaptation of the fish to a new environment. The newly imported fish from other places should first be acclimatized for about 30 minutes by putting the plastic bag containing the fish into the prepared aquarium.

“After being left for 30 minutes, then the plastic bag is opened and the water from the aquarium is slowly put into the plastic bag, after which the fish can be put into the aquarium,” explained Dr Wiyoto.

Next is ensuring the water quality. At the beginning, water should be settled for three consecutive days before being put into the aquarium. On the next use, water should be settled and aerated for only one day. The water quality is also maintained by cleaning waste every day and changing 30-50 percent of water in the aquarium every week.

Supporting equipment for ornamental fish care include aerators, aeration stones, and aerator filters. All tools should be checked and cleaned regularly every two weeks so that the aquarium water remains clean and clear. The aerated stone can be cleaned by brushing and drying it in the sun. Meanwhile, the filter is cleaned as needed, for example a filter with a small mess size should be checked and cleaned more often.

"Every aquarium should have its own equipment. Using equipment such as a fishnet and a siphon hose at the same time will risk the transmission of disease from one container to another," explained Dr. Wiyoto.

Each type of fish has its own standard of care such as the need for acidity (pH), dissolved oxygen, temperature, and the type of food can differ from one type of fish to another. For types of fish that require adequate oxygen, it is necessary to ensure that the aerator used is appropriate. Likewise for fish with certain temperature requirements, it can use a heater.

"Then for feed, it should be adjusted to the size of the fish being kept. Avoid overfeeding. This can cause water to get dirty quickly and have an impact on water quality degradation," he explained.

The last one is to observe the condition of the fish regularly. The health condition of the fish can be predicted from a visual point of view. A decreased appetite for fish can be a sign that your fish is sick. Fish that appear sick can be collected and separated into different tanks for further treatment. (Samsa / Zul)



Published Date : 11-Jan-2021

Resource Person : Dr Wiyoto

Keyword : Aeration, Aerator, Aquarium, Filter, Ornamental Fish, Vocational School, IPB University