IPB University Expert: Crickets Can Boost the Economy, from Animal Feed to Alternative Food
Often times we take one eye off some animals that look like pests or are disgusting. Even though behind that, there are a myriad of benefits that can be provided by it. Like crickets, insects that often appear at night have useful benefits to boost the people's economy.
IPB University lecturer who is an expert on livestock integration systems, Prof. Dr. Asnath M Fuah said that crickets are a good alternative food to add nutritional value to food, and are rich in protein. Currently, the Indonesian people prioritize the use of crickets as poultry feed. Even though with good marketing, food production using cricket flour will be more attractive. "Actually, crickets can be used as food processing. As long as the processing is good and labeled, we can bring it to a wide market, "he said. With the high demand for poultry feed, the supply of crickets has not been fulfilled, so the cricket cultivation business is considered to have high economic potential. Especially the cultivation of clearing, cendawang, and necklace types of crickets which have high productivity. In addition, it is easy to maintain and is environmentally friendly.
In addition to poultry feed, Prof. Dr. Dewi Apri Astuti, a lecturer at IPB University and an expert on animal nutrition at the Faculty of Animal Husbandry said that the use of cricket flour is also useful for ruminants with certain birth conditions and during pregnancy. Currently, breeders often use imported soybean meal and fish meal. Even though with the addition of cricket flour, the nutritional value was not significantly different. The research results also revealed that the goats, during pregnancy, after being fed crickets flour showed an improvement in the nutritional value of the blood. In addition, in male goats, the quality of their sperm is also better. However, the provision of cricket flour as a substitute for milk or feed for livestock is only temporary.
In the cricket cultivation business, Dr. Yuni Cahya Endrawati, a lecturer at IPB University and an expert on Hope Animal at the Faculty of Animal Husbandry said that there are several things that must be considered by cricket breeders, namely environmental conditions, especially temperature and humidity. Both of these are considered to be very influential on cricket productivity.
"Because the place for cultivation must be the same as the original habitat. In addition, the type of opositor in the body of each type of cricket must be considered, because it will determine the management of its hatching. Comparison between several types of crickets cultivated in Indonesia shows that the characteristics of bimaculatus or necklace crickets have different advantages, both from age to better nutrient content. Although mitratus crickets have a higher hatching rate, their agile character requires somewhat difficult handling.
So this is the reason why bimaculatus is superior. That is because the use of their products or market demand is characterized by the characteristics of crickets being preferred by other animals as feed, "he explained. Meanwhile, Ahmad Anwari, Head of the Bekasi Officer Cricket Livestock Group, when asked why he is in the business of cultivating crickets, admits that cricket cultivation, apart from being profitable, also does not require a large yard for cultivation. "Complementary feed is also very easy to obtain, such as banana leaves and grass with high water content," he said. (IAAS / NAS)
Published Date : 10-Aug-2020
Resource Person : Prof Dr Asnath M Fuah
Keyword : cricket cultivation, IPB lecturer, Faculty of Animal Science IPB
SDG : SDG 9 - INDUSTRY, INNOVATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE, SDG 12 - RESPONSIBLE CONSUMTION AND PRODUCTION, SDG 8 DECENT WORK AND ECONOMIC GROWTH