IPB University Discourse Forum Discusses The Management of Indonesian Lobster

IPB University Discourse Forum held a Discourse Talk Forum with the theme "Lobster Commodity Potential in the National Economy", (15/12). The activity invited several speakers from both the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) and IPB University in their views on lobster management in Indonesia.

Dr Riza Damanik, Chairman of the Indonesian Traditional Fishermen's Union, argued that the perspective on the lobster economy should be changed. Errors in identifying problems regarding lobster export polemics unwittingly give simplification to the role of the state in lobster management. Indonesia also needs to learn from countries that have succeeded first as lobster exporters, such as Canada. In addition, lobster management should also be developed towards cultivation as a new direction for Indonesian lobsters.

Lecturer of IPB University from the Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences (FPIK), Dr Irzal Effendi also agreed with the opinion. According to him, lobster should not only be limited to seed aspects but also the development of cultivation. The wealth of lobster seed puerulus stadium on the coast of Indonesia is a gift that should be developed.

The importance of aquaculture development also acted on overfishing activities that are feared to threaten fishery commodity stocks. So that the paradigm of fishery development by controlling catch fisheries through budidya efforts should already be applied. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) data itself states that aquaculture development in Indonesia tends to stagnate. 

He mentioned that the direction of cultivation development based on Permen-KP No.12 of 2020 on lobster management must be interpreted. With aquaculture evolution, the saving of natural resources from waste can be overcome. That evolution is a change from capture to natural seed-based aquaculture to total aquaculture. Later, the exported lobster seeds are not in the form of baby or juvenile but the stage of phyllosoma whose survival is high.

The stalling of lobster cultivation development in Indonesia itself due to the capacity of keramba for cultivation is still very limited in the number of 10,000 keramba. If the capacity of keramba is increased along with the capacity of human resources and appropriate technology, Indonesian lobster cultivation will be competitive.   "I believe that if one day we find it difficult to get lobster from nature then aquaculture is one solution, that's when aquaculture is superior," he said.

The development of aquaculture can improve the competitiveness of Indonesian lobster seeds that are still lagging compared to Vietnam. He has also drawn up a national lobster development roadmap as well as lobster academic development activities through the Lobster Aquaculture Estate.

Meanwhile, Trian Uunanda, SPi, MSc, Director of Fish Resources Management, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries were also present at the event. He mentioned that the adequacy related to lobster research is currently not more than 50 percent of the total 11 Fisheries Management Areas (WPP). Only five new WPPs are intensively researched. So the role of academia is needed in the joint assessment of the latest data to obtain the latest data. He also explained about the development of lobster management in several WPP and Permen-KP policy No. 12 of 2020. (IAAS/NAS)

Published Date : 17-Dec-2020

Resource Person : Dr Riza Damanik, Dr Irzal Effendi, Trian Uunanda SPi MSc

Keyword : IPB University Discourse Forum, aquaculture, aquaculture, lobster management, lobster cultivation