IPB University Esteemed Professor Gives an Alternative Policy in Small Scale Fishery Development in Indonesia
As the second biggest producer of fish after China, small scale fisheries in Indonesia contribute as much as 90 percent of the national industry and provide over 50 percent of national fish production. The strength of Indonesia’s fish export is backed by small scale fisheries.
Looking at this potential, Prod Dr Eko Sri Wiyono, an esteemed professor of the Department of Fisheries Resource Utilization (PSP) Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences (FPIK) IPB University in the Pre-Scientific Oration Press Conference held online in the 8th of October. He showed alternative policies to increase small scale fishery capacity. This alternative is proposed based on the dynamics of small scale fisheries and the issue of small scale fisheries strategic governance.
There are at least seven proposed policy alternatives which is redefining small scale fisheries, standardizing fishing gear, improvement of ship permit system, improvement of ship activity data logging system, development based on decentralization, institutionalization in developing small scale fisheries, post-harvest policies and fish trade.
“Redefining small scale fisheries is important to direct development in the right direction and achieve the right goals. As so, there needs to be policies from the government to redefine small scale fisheries including fishermen and small scale business so that it doesn’t create administrative miscommunication in its field operation,” explains the professor who’s an expert on capture fisheries.
Regarding standardizing fishing gear, Prof Eko explains that all the fishing gear used by small scale fisheries need to be standardized in its measurement, operation method and simplifying its classification. It’s suggested that non-standard fishing gear be replaced or adapted to meet the set standards and classification. Standardization and classification of the fishing gear is not only based on its physical form but also its biological form.
Meanwhile, on the matter of improvement of ship permit system is so that the number of boats or ships operating on the beach can be controlled and beach wrecks can be better avoided. Small scale fishery boats are required to register the boat’s dimensions, its operated fishing gear, its method of operation, so that the capacity of how much fish it catches can be monitored from time time.
“The current policy is that ships under 10 GT does not need to submit operational papers, even though these ships make up 90 percent of all ships” said Prof Eko.
The professor further explains that data collection of fishery activities so far is focused on the activity of only fish catching, that include the ships that catches the fish, what it’s caught with, the fish catching operation, and fish caught, meanwhile data in fishing gear has not yet included type, size, catching area and catching method has not be described completely. Remembering that these small scale fishery activities contribute a lot to the industry, with the potential of affecting the whole industry, there needs to be a revision of policy of data logging from its format, methodology, and data logging technology especially in small scale fisheries.
He further explains that the activity of data logging can all be done by local government officials so that the development can be decentralized. This is because the characteristic of natural resources and human resources of each area is unique to each other and thus requires special handling.
“The characteristic of small scale fisheries is unique and can be very hard to enforce centrally. Small scale fisheries need to be managed by local governments with their unique local characteristics,” said Prof Eko.
The decentralization policy also needs to be supported by the strengthening of small scale fishery institutions. One of the main problems faced in small scale fisheries development is how weak fishermen institutions are. As a form of realizing the proposed operational concept, they have built an integrated institution called Unit Bisnis Nelayan Terpadu (UBNT). UBNT is an institution to connect small scale fishery business for fishermen in their community and to be used as a center of development of fisheries in the area.
Aside from that, fishermen right now are orientated on how much they can catch and have not done post-harvest processing. As such, socialization and programs to educate post-harvest cold processing needs to be implemented immediately. Seeing that small fishermen operate in one day, fishermen are recommended to bring cool boxes or Styrofoam boxes, ice, and salt. (IAAS/RCD)
Published Date : 08-Oct-2020
Resource Person : Prof Dr Eko Sri Wiyono
Keyword : Small scale Fisheries, Esteemed IPB Professor, FPIK IPB, IPB Professor