IPB University Professor Discusses the Challenges of Forestry Governance after the Enactment of UU Cipta Kerja
Since the enactment of UU Cipta Kerja or Omnibus Law, it is undeniable that many sectors will be affected. Starting from industry, research and innovation, land, to the environmental sector, particularly forestry, were also affected. So that the simplification of business licensing regulations and its implications for forest areas is still a hot debate.
This was said by Prof Dr Hariadi Kartodihardjo, Professor of IPB University in the field of Forestry Policy. Deeper Prof Hariadi explained the challenges in forestry governance. Prof Hariadi not only wants to focus on the substance of Law No. 41 of 1999, but also Law No. 18 of 2013 concerning the prevention and eradication of forest destruction. To resolve conflicts and overlapping use of forest areas, affirmative policies are needed. This is because the norms and directions in Government Regulation regarding the defense of forest areas are inadequate compared to Law on Environmental Protection and Management (PPLH) which uses an ecoregion approach. This makes the assumption that government's discretion is very high because the corridor regarding Sufficiency of Forest Areas is still very wide.
“So our problem is how to describe Sufficiency of Forest Areas with high discretion, especially in Government Regulations that must also pay attention to National Strategic Areas. So, it is worried about many parties is that there is a conflict of interest,” he said. The ecoregion approach is considered the most ideal for the use of Forest Zone, so that it is not only considered a commodity, but also as a demand so that blindspots do not occur in decision making.
Another challenge in the use of forest areas in the plantation and other aspects, according to him, is the integration of policies that still conflict with the Sufficiency of Forest Areas. So it is necessary to allocate fairly to ensure forest conditions in the future. Forest management with very significant changes in legislation was also touched on. He said that there are still many cases of land ownership that are not licensed due to certain individuals. So it is important for the government to carry out a transformation in resolving this. The way is to connect forest management with the economic-political constellation, particularly corruption.
Through the analysis of the social network space, it was found that the culprits of this problem were business actors who had a strong network with government officials or officials, thus influencing law enforcement. The strong influence of these elements in the villages also resulted in an increase in the rate of deforestation. So that changes to articles in UU Cipta Kerja are deemed inappropriate because these governance problems must be handled alone.
“First, of course we must understand not only article by article but the whole of the aspects that determine forestry aspects,” he explained. In his final note, he explained that an in-depth study of the meaning of the Law was needed so that the translation was not partial. The need for affirmative policies in balancing the portion of forest benefit allocation, not only for certain business actors. And improvements in governance are essential so that improvements in forestry performance can be realized in the field. (IAAS/SAR)
Published Date : 20-Oct-2020
Resource Person : Prof Dr Hariadi Kartodihardjo
Keyword : IPB University professor, forestry governance, omnibus law, UU Cipta Kerja
SDG : SDG 11 - SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND COMMUNITIES, SDG 15 - LIFE ON LAND