IPB University Lecturer: The Importance of Maintaining Water Quality to Maintain Human Sustainability
The problem of water quality is one of the main challenges faced by 21st century society. Water is a major need in every aspect of human needs. Deteriorating water quality threatens human health and limits food production. In addition, the function of the ecosystem will also experience a decline due to the problem of decreasing water quality and quantity. Even on a broad scale, this decline can result in stunted economic growth.
"The availability of world water resources is scarce due to deteriorating water due to pollution of fresh water resources. The reason is the discharges of large amounts of untreated or untreated wastewater into rivers, lakes, aquifers and coasts, "said Prof. Dr. Hefni Effendi, a lecturer at IPB University who is also the Head of the Center for Environmental Research (PPLH), Research Institute and Community Service (LPPM) IPB University, in the Serving Lecturer event (24/8).
According to him, the number of new pollutants polluting the water is increasing. These pollutants come from the waste of drugs, pesticides and household chemicals. Currently there are also extreme changes in climate patterns. This is a challenge in itself with the long-term impact that remains unknown on human health and ecosystems.
"Currently, 2.2 million people lack access to drinking water and good sanitation. In fact, 3 billion people worldwide do not have hand washing facilities at home. This water problem is a problem faced by the world. Water is very important, so there are targets that must be achieved in points in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in terms of providing clean water, "added Prof. Hefni.
The SDGs points provide two focuses in relation to water supply issues. These two points are the availability of clean water and good sanitation and maintaining water biota. These two points have been included in government regulations which are implemented in the form of programs in the community. However, water problems in Indonesia are still not resolved due to weak supervision.
According to him, the solution to this problem is to increase water management efforts. The government has regulated regulations on waters in the form of laws (UU) and ministerial regulations (Permen). It is necessary to tighten the supervision and implementation, especially regarding wastewater quality standards.
"This task must be carried out collaboratively by all parties. The government has made regulations on the requirements and procedures for dumping waste into the sea, then there are regulations on sea water quality standards. The newest is the Zoning Plan for Coastal Areas and Small Islands (RZWP3K). This regulation is a derivative of the SDGs concept to maintain water quality and quantity. This regulation must be implemented, monitored and evaluated properly so that the predetermined targets can be achieved, "he said. This webinar activity also presented several IPB University lecturers who have expertise in environmental management, especially water, including Dr. Sigid Hariyadi, Dr. Niken Tunjung Murti Pratiwi and Aliati Iswantri. (IAAS / NAS)
Published Date : 25-Aug-2020
Resource Person : Prof Dr Hefni Effendi
Keyword : Water Quality, IPB University Lecturer, PPLH
SDG : SDG 1 - NO POVERTY, SDG 6 - CLEAN WATER AND SANITATION, SDG 7 EFFORDABLE AND CLEAN ENERGY