FK2PT Discusses Opportunities and Challenges of Fisheries and Marine Industries and the New Normal Adaptation Era

The Capture Fisheries Partnership Communication Forum (FK2PT) held a FK2PT Gathering webinar series with the theme "The New Normal Adaptation Era of the Fisheries and Maritime Industry and Industry: Opportunities, Challenges and Future Directions", (14/7). This webinar was held to unravel the problems, challenges and opportunities for the revival of the national business and fishing and marine industry during the COVID-19 pandemic. The FK2PT webinar initiator is the Department of Fisheries Resource Utilization (PSP), the Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences (FPIK) IPB University and as chair of the Webinar is Prof. Dr. Tri Wiji Nurani, Professor of IPB University from the PSP Department.

According to Prof. Tri Wiji, the PSP Department has a mandate to develop the capture fisheries sector. Specifically in the management and utilization of Indonesian marine and fishery biological resources. Capture fisheries technology is an applied science and technology sourced from various disciplines. Among them are textile technology, hydrodynamics, mechanical engineering, shipping architecture, electronics and electricity, fisheries biology, oceanography, hydroacoustic, meteorology, fish handling and processing technology, and fisheries marketing and economics.  Capture fisheries technology consists of fishing equipment and material technology, fishing vessels and fishing technology, fish behavior, fishing grounds and fishing methods, as well as identification and development of capture fisheries.

In this webinar, the resource persons present discussed the important role of fisheries in the eastern region for Indonesian fisheries. There are around 60 percent of fish resources in Eastern Indonesian waters. In addition, small-scale fisheries dominate fisheries in this region, where cooperatives have played an important role in empowering small-scale fisheries. For this reason, Eastern Indonesia has a strategic position for the development of small-scale fisheries, with socio-economic strengthening an important focus.

Dr. Agus Suherman as the Chair of FK2PT in his remarks revealed that the Fisheries Management Area (WPP) especially 714 Banda Sea to 718 Pacific Ocean has been known as tuna granary especially tuna and yellowfin tuna (yellowfin). In fact, during the period 1968-1978 Indonesia and Japan agreed on the Banda Sea Agreement I-III as a form of cooperation for Japanese ships carrying out capture operations around the Banda Sea.  Small-scale fisheries, especially in the East, are also strongly supported by the existence of fisheries cooperatives as a manifestation of an economy that is in favor of the community. "In the Lembeh Strait in Bitung we used to know the profit sharing among fishermen who capture anchovies for live bait on the Skipjack Pole line (SPL). Chart fishermen receive 20 percent of the selling price of SPL's catches. Indonesian fishing cooperatives have also triumphed in the 1980-1990 era. For that reason, the momentum of the 73rd National Cooperative Day commemoration on July 12, 2020, we can make a spirit in order to realize a people's economy, "he said.

He also hopes that the FK2PT Gathering in the second series will be able to revive the people's economy, where 43 percent of the contribution of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2017 is supported by micro and small businesses, including from the fisheries sector. Therefore, traditional (artisanal) fisheries need to get attention and empowerment efforts, lest the number of our artisanal fishing vessels decrease day by day. But on the other hand, Agus said there was one weakness in the competitiveness of Indonesian fishery products from the eastern region, namely the problem of high logistics costs.  "Efforts to synergize BUMN and fisheries cooperatives need to find a solution. It could be that the government can assign for example SOE Food Clusters such as Perum Perindo, PT Perikanan Nusantara, PT BGR Logistik (Bhanda Ghara Reksa) to open the nodes of the fishery product distribution lane through the sea fishing highway, "Agus suggested.

Meanwhile, providing reefer containers (refrigerated containers) and competitive logistics prices will benefit fishermen. Assuming a minimum of 3000 refer containers a year from the East to Jakarta and Surabaya. With a capacity of 18 tons per container and an efficiency level of 1000 per kilogram, there will be Rp 54 billion / year which can be enjoyed by cooperatives and fishermen through better selling prices. Moreover, if the government provides special transport vessels for fishery products, the price will be better for fishermen.

The Head of the South Sulawesi Maritime and Fisheries Service, Ir Sulkaf S Latief, MM, in his presentation expected that acceleration in the implementation of capture fisheries policy through accelerating licensing, bureaucratic trimming, economic transformation and overcoming overlaps between sectors. This effort is accompanied by increased supervision, use of technology for supervision and increased observer's role.

Meanwhile, the Chairperson of the Santo Alvin Pratama Fisheries Cooperative in Ternate City of North Maluku, said the COVID-19 pandemic had significant impacts and problems for the cooperative. The reduced market demand has caused fish stocks in cold storage to increase. Meanwhile there was an increase in production costs due to obstruction of supply of fuel and foodstuffs to ships, including electricity costs. Increased costs also occur for cargo logistics service costs for fish marketing.

Hermanto stated that optimistic efforts could rise again through the role of the government to be able to reduce production costs and reopen market opportunities. Among them through reducing licensing costs, accelerating warehouse receipts, adding cold storage facilities and ABF, reducing electricity costs, decreasing cargo costs and opening transportation routes. (IAAS / NAS)

Published Date : 16-Jul-2020

Resource Person : Prof Dr Tri Wiji Nurani

Keyword : capture fisheries, COVID-19, FPIK, IPB University, fisheries and marine industry opportunities, fisheries resources utilization department