Prevent COVID-19, IPB University Lecturer Will Do Marine Biota Research for Immunity
All countries are competing in researching to control the spread of the COVID-19 outbreak. Starting from researching vaccines, drugs, until how human efforts to stay fit to maintain stamina. One of the IPB University researches that succeeded in obtaining funding from the government of the Republic of Indonesia will be conducted by Dr. Kustiariyah Tarman, IPB University lecturer from the Aquatic Product Technology Department, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences (FPIK), and also conducted by the team, related to research on increasing immunity from marine biota.
The Aquatic Product Technology Department has been continuously researching and developing marine biota for various food and non-food products. This research has planned to be carried out in two years. The first year focuses on the formulation and characterization of the products produced. And the second year to determine the shelf life (stability during storage) and test the efficacy.
Dr. Kustiariyah is interested in conducting research related to marine biota for immunity, because according to her, there was already a lot of literature, both in the form of scientific publications and empirical experiences of the community about the benefits of marine biota that can enhance immunity. Besides that, Indonesia has a very high diversity of marine biodiversity, but there is still much marine life that has not yet been explored.
"Marine natural products, which are reported to increase body immunity include omega 3, peptides/proteins, vitamins, minerals, beta-glucans, and other bioactive compounds. These components or compounds can be extracted from fish, macroalgae/seaweed, microalgae, invertebrates such as sea cucumbers, sea fungi, and so on," he said.
Currently, Indonesia is one of the major producers in the world for a variety of marine life, including tuna, seaweed, and shrimp. Indonesia's marine biodiversity is very high and has great potential to be developed into value-added products. However, currently, there are still many marine biological resources in Indonesia that have not yet been explored.
According to him, the utilization of marine biota in Indonesia is still not optimal, for example, seaweed. Indonesia is the main producer of seaweed in the world, but unfortunately, most of the seaweed is still exported in the form of dried seaweed or raw materials.
The challenge is the development of marine biota into value-added products. It needs collaboration from various parties, namely researchers, both from universities and research institutions, private/industrial, government, and community. If the collaboration is well established, the development of marine biota-based products can run well and sustainably.
"The supplement product that we will examine is one form of marine biota-based product development. In addition to food and supplements, marine biota also has great potential for the development of medicinal and cosmetic products. Marine biota contains various bioactive compounds such as antimicrobials, anticancer, and antioxidants," he said.
With this research, it is expected that the availability of marine biota-based supplements that can be useful to enhance immunity. Also, the increased value-added marine biota used can be a trigger for coastal communities to provide raw materials used, for example by sea cucumber cultivation activities.
Dr. Kustiariyah hopes that this research can run well and smoothly and produce products that are beneficial to the wider community. (IAAS/YN)
Published Date : 14-Jul-2020
Resource Person : Dr Kustiariyah Tarman
Keyword : marine biota, COVID-19 prevent immunity, Department of Aquatic Product Technology, FPIK, IPB University, IPB lecturer