Smart Farming and Precision Agriculture, One of the Solutions of Agricultural Revitalization in the Future
The threat of food availability to meet the needs of all human populations in the future causes traditional approaches to be changed with new approaches. The fourth revolution in agriculture (Agriculture 4.0) is currently underway with a focus on the use of new agricultural technologies (hydroponics, vertical farming, desert and marine agriculture, and genetic modification) and the application of information and communication technology (ICT) in agriculture .
The concept of agricultural development that has been developed at this time is the concept of intelligent agriculture or commonly also called smart farming or precision agriculture. The discovery of an agricultural land monitoring system based on the Internet of Things (IoT) technology enables farmers to monitor their farmland via smartphone or computer. In addition, the latest technological developments in big data handling also make it possible to store data from agricultural land. Of course, there are still many other technologies that have the opportunity to be applied to agricultural land in an effort to increase yields and improve resource efficiency.
This was discussed in the Vocational School Webinar Series (SV), IPB University, (5/6). The second series of webinars entitled "Smart Farming and Precision Agriculture: The Next Agricultural Revolution" presented speakers with no doubt about their expertise. Namely Dr. Suwardi as Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture, Prof. Kudang Boro Seminar as Dean of the Faculty of Agricultural Technology and Dr. Shelvie N Neyman as Chair of the Computer Engineering Study Program SV.
In his introduction, Dr. Arief Daryanto, Dean of SV said that IPB University had developed the concept of Agriculture 4.0 or often referred to as the AgroMaritim 4.0 concept. Agriculture 4.0 is agriculture that is characterized by the use of artificial intelligence technology, robots, internet of things, drones, blockchain, and big data analytics, to produce superior, precise, efficient, and sustainable products.
"Smart agriculture and precision farming enable farmers to reduce food loss and waste and increase productivity from the amount of input used to the consumer table, from farm to table business," explained Dr. Arief.
The second SV webinar series was hosted by Dr. Wawan Oktariza, Vice Dean for SV Resources, Collaboration and Development. In his presentation Dr. Suwardi said that smart farming utilizes big data technology, machine learning, the Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing and others to improve the quality and quantity of agricultural industrial production.
According to him, the main key to smart farming is measured data based on sensor analysis that has been installed in the planting area. The sensor will provide information on various matters related to plants, add fertilizer, whether it is necessary to add water, the temperature around the planting location to the recommended harvest schedule. Of course this has implications for increasing the effectiveness and efficiency of farmers' crop yields.
"The application of smart farming is important because of the efficiency of natural resources, especially land and water, and preserving forests. The efficiency of human resources by utilizing agricultural machinery and technology and increasing the role of young people in agriculture, "he said.
Research on smart farming has been widely carried out by IPB University, including in the Faculty of Agriculture, for example Smart Green House (melons with smart hydroponic systems), Satreps (rice damage assessment techniques), Smart Seeds (geodata information services) and Spice Up (on pepper plants ). Meanwhile, Prof. Kudang in his presentation explained the importance of smart and precision agriculture technology in increasing productivity and efficiency in the agricultural sector in general. Smart and precision agriculture technology has been carried out by IPB University. For example determining the right commodity in Gorontalo (rice and corn).
"This is certainly important in relation to the planning and development of an area. In addition, this technology can also be used to determine nutrients on oil palm plantations. The application of smart agriculture in livestock commodities has also been carried out, for example, determining the appropriate land to open a closed-house for broiler chickens in an area by considering several factors. In principle, smart and precision agriculture is an applicable technology and in the future it is important to change the image of agriculture in Indonesia, "he explained.
Maintaining food safety in the smart agriculture process is also needed. In his presentation, Dr. Shelvie said that smart agriculture is important to be maintained so that the smart agriculture ecosystem in it is not disturbed. For example, if a system in smart agriculture has been made as well as possible, but there are disturbances in the form of cyber attacks, data leakage, or data manipulation and so on, of course it can have an impact on system failure. The long term impact can certainly be detrimental, especially financially.
"The main challenges to security and privacy in smart farming can be seen from several perspectives. These include access control, trust, and privacy perspective; data perspective; network perspective; compliance and supply chain perspective, "he said. The webinar, which was attended by more than 200 people from various universities and institutions in general, ran smoothly. Going forward, IPB University will continue to be committed to be an important part in improving the agricultural sector in Indonesia, one of which is by applying smart farming and precision agriculture technology. (IAAS / NAS)
Published Date : 08-Jun-2020
Resource Person : Dr Arief Daryanto
Keyword : Vocational School, IPB University, Smart Farming, Agromaritim 4.0
SDG : SDG 15 - LIFE ON LAND