IPB University Lecturers Share Tips on Safe Handling of Qurban Animals during COVID-19 Pandemic

Qurban is a great worship for Muslims around the world, not least in Indonesia. This year, qurban will be different from previous years, because COVID-19 pandemic forced Muslims to be careful in carrying out qurban slaughter. In order to socialize animal slaughter procedures during COVID-19 pandemic, Department of Animal Disease and Veterinary Health, FKH IPB University held a webinar on safe handling of qurban animals during the COVID-19 pandemic, (25/6).

Head of Department of Animal Disease and Veterinary Health, FKH IPB University, Dr. Yusuf Ridwan in his remarks conveyed the trend of increasing positive cases of COVID-19 that occurred at this time, it is estimated that the pandemic could not subside in July. "Therefore, we must be aware of various activities including activities that will be carried out in celebrating Eid al-Adha, namely the slaugther of qurban animals. We all know that all activities carried out must follow the health protocol established by the government, so that in slaughtering and handling qurban animals must also follow the rules that have been set," said Dr. Yusuf.

Drh Syamsul Ma'arif, Director of Veterinary Public Health, Directorate General of Animal Husbandry and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture of Republic of Indonesia explained, the implementation of qurban animal slaughtering activities was carried out by referring to government regulations namely Circular Letter Number 0008/SE/Pk.032/F/06/2020 concerning the Implementation of Qurban Activities in a Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) Outbreak Situation. He also suggested to keeping in mind the Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia Number 114 of 2014 concerning Slaughter of Qurban Animals and Law Number 18 of 2009 in conjunction with Law Number 41 of 2014 concerning Animal Husbandry and Animal Health Article 61.

"This regulation was made with consideration of the risk factors of transmitting COVID-19 during the upcoming qurban activity. Last year, the average committee for qurban animals slaughtering reached 56 people in each place. The number of qurban animals slaughterhouses in 2019 reached 30,359. This is what we must be aware of together," said Syamsul. Therefore, continued Syamsul, some risk mitigation activities for the upcoming qurban is to maintain physical distance between the committees, the implementation of personal hygiene, conduct health checks and the implementation of slaughtering place sanitation. 

Meanwhile, Dr. drh Denny Widaya Lukman, a lecturer at IPB University who is also a Member of the Animal Health Expert Commission of the Veterinary Public Health, Agricultural Quarantine of the Ministry of Agriculture, explained that in supplying qurban meat, we must pay attention to halal aspects, hygiene sanitation and animal welfare. "The slaughter of qurban animals is a critical point of Eid al-Adha worship. This activity is also a process that has the potential to cause stress, pain and pollution," he explained.

For this reason, he continued, animals must be treated well before and during the slaughter process. Before being slaughtered, qurban animals can be placed in animal shelters protected from the sun or rain. Not only that, the animal shelter needs to be given a barrier or fence and there are no parts that can cause animals to become sick or injured. Animal shelters must also have good air ventilation and lighting, have adequate amounts of drinking water and feed, and have floors that are non-slippery and easy to clean. The size of the shelter must also be adjusted to its capacity so that the qurban animals do not jostle.

"If the animal is tied, try not to use short rope. The length of the rope must allow animals to lie down, stand up and reach their eating and drinking places," he added.

Before being slaughtered, he suggested that animals be fasted for 12 hours. Animals that have just arrived at the slaughterhouse after having traveled more than 12 hours are not allowed to be slaughtered immediately and must be rested for at least 12 hours. He also suggested slaughterhouse to have a floor that was not muddy, not slippery, and made of materials that were easy to clean and disinfect. It is also recommended that slaughterhouses not are far from animal shelters.

He further explained, the process of slaughter must be done quickly, which is one swing and cut three tracts, namely trachea, esophagus and blood vessels. The slaughter is done just under the chin on neck bones 1 to 3 (C1-C3) to reduce the blockage of blood.

"Make sure the animal is dead before handling the meat. For handlers of qurban meat that have been slaughtered, they must pay attention to the principle of cleanliness. Try to keep the meat from being exposed to soil or floors and other dirty materials, such as offal. It is better if the hands of those who handle meat are always kept clean," he explained.

For packaging meat, meat can be packaged using plastic bag with a minimum size of 20 cm x 40 cm. The alternative is basket coated in banana leaves. He also suggested that the meat and offal be wrapped separately. (IAAS/SAR)



Published Date : 25-Jun-2020

Resource Person : Dr Yusuf Ridwan

Keyword : safe tips in handling qurban animals, IPB lecturers, Eid al-Adha, procedures for slaughtering qurban animals, faculty of veterinary medicine