Three Faculties / Schools of IPB University One Voice: The Government Must Protect Farmers, Breeders and Fishermen to Secure the Food Supply Chain

Utilizing the momentum of the National Awakening Day on May 20, 2020) The Vocational School (SV) of IPB University held a Series 1 Webinar with the theme "Finding Solutions Together: Broken food, Agriculture and Fisheries Supply Chain in Time of COVID-19 Pandemic", (5/20) . This webinar activity is a collaboration between SV IPB University with the Faculty of Economics and Management (FEM) and the Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences (FPIK) IPB University. The activity which was moderated by Dr. Pria Sembada presented three speakers who were experts in their fields, namely Dr. Sahara (Chair of the Department of Economics, FEM), Dr. Luky Adrianto (Dean of FPIK) and Dr. Arief Daryanto (Dean of SV).

In his presentation, Dr. Sahara explained that the COVID-19 pandemic caused shocks mainly from the aspect of demand for agricultural products. This then affects the change in consumer behavior from what was previously off-line mode to on-line mode. Although previously this online method had begun to develop, the existence of the COVID-19 pandemic and the Large-Scale Social Limitation policy (PSBB) forced consumers to switch to this method. "The online method is not without challenges, but every actor needs to adjust. There are several strategies that can be applied, among others, improvement of facilities and infrastructure (internet and other infrastructure), as well as providing subsidies or technical and financial assistance to farmers / ranchers, "he said.

Meanwhile, Dr. Luky Adrianto in his presentation focused more on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the fisheries sector. This pandemic caused turmoil with different levels in each supply chain. This turmoil is mainly related to economic and social aspects not to its aquatic ecosystem resources. The trade trend of fishery products to export and export destination countries has decreased. "I want to propose a short-term and long-term countermeasure strategy. For the long-term coping strategy, the emphasis is on WPP (fisheries management area) based economy, digitization of the fisheries sector, block chains and efficiency improvements, "he explained.

On this occasion, Dr. Arief Daryanto explained the difference between the supply chain concept and the value chain. In addition, more macro exposure was directed at how the COVID-19 pandemic affected the food system. "The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic can be analogous to that of the domino effects. Disruption to the food and agriculture system is mainly related to several things such as availability, prices, markets and regulations, accessibility, affordability, convenience and desirability, "he said.

Dr. Arief Daryanto offers several solutions that can be done now and in the future. These solutions include the importance of government support for farmers / ranchers / fishermen in the form of providing incentives and / or subsidies in the production process and marketing their products, acceleration of infrastructure development and cold chain logistics, industry consolidation and vertical integration, regulation and enforcement of food safety more stringent, faster shifts towards digitization and automation, agricultural e-commerce and food, the use of big-data platforms, public-private partnerships, price controls and community-based food banks to reduce food loss and waste.

The two-hour long activity was able to bring more than 400 people as participants. The SV Webinar series is expected to provide benefits, especially in finding joint solutions to problems caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The contribution of thoughts presented by the speakers and participants, hopefully can be a concrete joint step in efforts to overcome the problem of the volatile supply chain of food products in Indonesia. (IAAS / NAS) 

Published Date : 22-May-2020

Resource Person : Dr Sahara (Ketua Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, FEM), Dr Luky Adrianto (Dekan FPIK) dan Dr Arief Daryanto (Dekan SV).

Keyword : FPIK, SV, FEM, IPB University