Chancellor of IPB University: COVID-19 Pandemic Recovery Must be Low Carbon
The COVID-19 pandemic has a significant impact on the environment such as reducing carbon pollution in the air and being able to improve the quality of polluted air. In the social and economic sector, the COVID-19 pandemic has a negative influence in almost all countries affected by COVID-19. The existence of these adverse effects, forcing various parties to work hard to restore the existing conditions.
Deputy Minister of Maritime Affairs and Natural Resources, Bappenas, Ir Arifin Rudiyanto explained the COVID-19 pandemic had an impact on national sustainable development. The COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia is projected to reduce Indonesia's economic growth, which is only around -0.4 to 2.3%. The unemployment rate due to the COVID-19 pandemic is in the range of 7.8 to 8.5%.
"This condition will certainly have an impact on achieving the pillars of sustainable development in Indonesia. On the pillars of social development, the groups most affected are the poor and vulnerable. The shaking from the COVID-19 pandemic caused a shift from vulnerable groups to new poor groups, "explained Arifin in the Build Back Better Webinar implemented by Bappenas on Thursday (5/28).Arifin further explained, taking into account the perceived impact, the government adjusted national development targets and targets, especially in 2020 and 2021. Economic growth in 2020 is predicted to be at the level of -0.4% to 2.3%, whereas in 2021 it is projected to reach 4 , 5-5.5%.
To accelerate economic recovery and social reform, Arifin continued, development of 2021 will be focused on four things, namely: 1) industrial recovery, tourism and investment, including strengthening food security; 2) national health system reform (strengthening germas, health security and sub-power); 3) reform of the social protection system; and 4) reform of the disaster resilience system.
"Economic and social recovery certainly has its own challenges, reflecting in 2009, economic and social recovery needs a better selection strategy through low carbon development to be more sustainable," he concluded.
In the field of agriculture and food, Rector of IPB University, Prof. Arif Satria said the government's efforts in the recovery of the COVID-19 pandemic should prioritize climate change. He explained, based on the survey, the average world government prioritizes development based on climate change that is happening right now.
"Every 10 million USD spending on renewable technology, for energy efficiency and fossil fuel, turns out to produce different jobs. Renewable technology turns out to produce more, including energy efficiency as well, but with fewer fossil fuel-based fuels, "said Prof. Arif.
The matter of food, continued Prof. Arif Satria, "So indeed the problem that occurred is the problem of deglobalization. Many countries have thought to maintain their food stocks. This is a momentum for us to further emphasize that food independence is important. Indeed, the government is optimistic, until next August. our food stock is still safe, even though distribution in some regions is hampered, "added Prof. Arif.
According to him, there are serious problems related to distribution and food supply chains. At present farmers in the area still have limitations and difficulties in distribution despite a production surplus. With these problems, the problem of harvesting and farmers' welfare will become a serious social problem if not addressed.
He also emphasized that logistical and distribution problems must be resolved immediately so that food availability can be guaranteed in non-food production areas. In the short term, it is necessary to implement a special policy on logistics and food supply chains involving food SOEs, cooperatives and the national private sector. Not only that, it is necessary to expand the access of farmers, ranchers and fishermen to online marketing nets, provide special economic stimulus for agriculture and rural areas and to form social protection schemes and safety nets.
"In the medium term, it is necessary to promote household scale production movements, import substitution, improvement of agricultural and fisheries data and information systems, accelerate the regeneration of farmers and the development of organic agriculture and the implementation of blue economy," explained the Rector of IPB University. (IAAS / NAS)
Published Date : 29-May-2020
Resource Person : Prof Dr Arif Satria, Ir Arifin Rudiyanto
Keyword : food, farmers, Rector of IPB, low carbon
SDG : SDG 3 - GOOD HEALTH AND WELL-BEING, SDG 13 - CLIMATE ACTION