Indonesian Population Challenges: Growth Rate, Stunting, Early Marriage, LGBT and the Elderly

The National Population and Family Planning Board (BKKBN) as an institution that handles population and family planning must be able to answer the challenges to contribute in the industrial revolution 4.0 era. These challenges are the rate of population growth, stunting, early marriage, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT), and the handling of the elderly group.

This was conveyed by the BKKBN Deputy for Training, Research and Development, Prof. Drh. Muhammad Rizal Martua Damanik at the National Symposium on "Challenges of the Population, Family Planning and Family Development Program (KKBPK) in the Industrial Revolution 4.0 Era at the BKKBN Building, Jakarta (26/2).

According to the lecturer of the Faculty of Human Ecology of IPB University, to answer these challenges, BKKBN cannot handle it alone. However, it is necessary to strengthen synergy, commitment and cooperation among the central government, universities, regional governments and work partners at all regional levels in an effort to achieve the strategic objectives compiled in the 2015-2019 RPJMN.

"The target is a reduction in birth rate, an increase in participation in the family planning with modern method, a decrease in the rate of not using contraception, an increase in people's understanding of population issues, and a decline in Pre-Prosperous Families," he said.

On this occasion the Chancellor of IPB, Dr. Arif Satria said that in the era of industrial revolution 4.0, society has reached the smart society stage, characterized by the presence of various technologies such as robotic technology, drones, big data, internet and so on.

"There are nine trends of change in smart society, namely technological changes, changes in meaning, changes in work and profession, changes in the map of competition, changes in behavior and lifestyle, regulatory changes, changes in the source of new sovereignty and data, changes in keeping trust and reputation as the foundation of life, and changes in new skills. These are to the direction of technological change in the revolution 4.0," said the IPB Chancellor while speaking in front of hundreds of university representatives.

According to him, there are three approaches to address the challenges of disruption of technological innovation in industrial revolution 4.0, namely to behave and think conservatively, to have integrative and convergent characters and thought by facilitating traditional education and digital education and taking a fully digital attitude.

"The millennial education 4.0 of IPB has five characteristics or dimension, namely the dimension of learning, dimension of the profession, dimension of new literacy, dimension of skills, and dimension of characters. Higher education is faced with an entirely new era which requires a new perspective and formulation of new paradigms, learning, learning credits, online systems, online study programs, data sciences, internet of things, bio technology and big data. The curriculum must be changed, study programs are organized, how to build millennial soft skills must be done. IPB also continues to prepare its students to become reliable technopreneur and sociopreneur," said the Chancellor.

Technopreneur is a person who has innovation which is developed in the business world for business development. While the sociopreneur is someone who has an innovation that is developed to fulfill or serve the community.

"Therefore, IPB develops these two fields, so that in the future strong business actors or economics can appear, at least as agents of development equality. Leadership and entrepreneurship are the keywords in realizing quality development, thus, IPB wants to support techno-sociopreneurs not only as practitioners but also as actors who lead the community, business, bureaucracy, research institutions and others," said the Chancellor. (awl/Zul/ZSP)

Published Date : 01-Mar-2019

Resource Person : Prof. Drh. Muhammad Rizal Martua Damanik

Keyword : leadership, entrepreneurship, population, population growth, LGBT, elderly, early marriage