Building Strong Vocational Higher Education

Technical Education, Vocational and Training (TVET) is believed by many as a tool for increasing productivity, competitiveness, closing skills gaps and reducing poverty in various countries.

There is a strong correlation between the proportion of TVET students at the post-secondary (tertiary, non-degree) level and per capita income in a country. Therefore many countries have taken steps to strengthen policy guidelines and regulatory frameworks for education, vocational and technical training. This is to enhance partnerships with the private sector and entrepreneurs.

In order to prepare new talents of the next generation who have qualified and capable capabilities that are in accordance with industrial needs, the government through the Presidential Staff Office held joint discussions with academics, bureaucrats, businesses and the World Bank to discuss progressive steps in human resource development (HR) in Indonesia, among others, through vocational universities. The joint discussion entitled "Increasing Labor Competitiveness" was conducted at the Presidential Staff Office, 12 February 2019. The discussion was led by the President's Expert Staff, Dr. Denni Purbasari.

"At present in Indonesia, the proportion of academic programs offered in universities is still higher than the vocational program. The Kemenristekdikti data shows that the proportion of academic programs is 72.5 percent, while vocational programs are only 27.5 percent, "said Dr. Deni. Dr. Deni hopes that one of the "takeaway messages" in the discussion is that in the future the proportion of the two types of programs should be balanced so that they are close to 50 percent.

On this occasion, Dr. Arief Daryanto, Dean of the Vocational School of IPB University said that technical and vocational education and training (TVET) did have great potential in overcoming the challenges of closing skills gaps and reducing poverty. "But TVET has been perceived to be lower compared to general academic education (GAE) provided by traditional four-year universities," said Dr. Arief Daryanto.

Further Dr. Arief Daryanto said that in many developing countries, not only in Indonesia, people still have the wrong view. The community has a strong bias that considers that academic programs have better quality, but the TVET program is perceived as a "second level" option that is suitable for students with lower aspirations or lower academic abilities.

According to Dr. Arief Daryanto, to answer the demands of the world of work in the Industrial Revolution 4.0 era, vocational higher education must always improve the quality of the curriculum to be more in line with the demands of the workforce, the proportion of academic lecturers and industrial practice lecturers must be balanced, availability of infrastructure: industry teaching labs that are state of the art, closer collaboration with industry in implementing education models 3-2-1. "In addition, there is a need for the availability of Science and Technology Parks to produce innovation, start-up and new entrepreneurship, continuing lecture education and training, among others through further education and retooling programs, and the availability of strong Professional Certification Institutions. No less important is to build a better reputation for vocational higher education, "said Dr. Arief Daryanto. (NR)

Published Date : 25-Feb-2019

Resource Person : Dr Arief Daryanto

Keyword : TVET, Joint Discussion, Increasing Labor Competitiveness