Beware, This Year’s Climate Will Be Drier with Less Rain

The latest data show that there will be El Nino anomaly at the end of February 2019. El Nino is a phenomenon of sea water being warmer than average. If El Nino happens, the climate would be drier with less rain than the normal condition.

“January 2019, the sea water temperature had risen. The data of El Nino potential is shown by the heated sea water at 300 meters or below depth,” said Dr. Rahmat Hidayat, Head of Department of Geophysics and Meteorology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (FMIPA), IPB University (IPB) during the workshop “Prospect in El Nino Development of 2019: Its Impact Towards Climate Anomaly and Agriculture in Indonesia” in Ballroom 2, IPB International Convention Center (IICC), Bogor (26/2).

At this event, which was held by Institute of Research and Community Service (LPPM), Director of Scientific Publication and Strategic Information of IPB, Dr. Eva Anggraini, said that this event was held to anticipate the impacts of El Nino. In a literature it is said that in 2019, the hottest condition will take place earlier this year.

“The climate is hard to predict. El Nino has significant impacts to our economy and environment. In agriculture we know that the damages done by long drought and extreme weathers are immense. It is even more expansive if we look at the food security. How technology can be used optimally to anticipate El Nino. For that reason, coordination and sharing of informations are needed in this event,” she said.

According to Dr. Ir. Aji Hermawan, as the Head of LPPM IPB, in Industrial Revolution 4.0 era, farmers could be educated about smart farming. Take an example of introduction of agriculture technology to Bojonegoro farmers. Farmers were assisted by university students to determine the location of water source using data from satellite.

“Bojoneogoro farmers are now aware of the importance of data and satellite technology. In the near future this will be done to other farmers,” he said.

Dr. Ir. Harris Syahbuddin, Head of Agricultural Technology Development Center in that opportunity said that for the implementation on field, Ministry of Agriculture, through Agriculture Research and Development Center, has compiled documents about innovation and technology regarding anticipation against climate change impacts. One of them is te technology to predict monthly rainfall until six months ahead according to global climate information.

“There are also technology and information to predict drought for six months ahead, key area information about Indonesian climate and observation of impacts by global changes towards Indonesian climate, micro-based water management technology, Food Smart Village, water-saving irrigation technology, and innovations of adaptive rice variety, including puddle-resistant rice, early-maturity rice, drought-resistant rice, acid-resistant rice, and salinity-resistant rice,” he said.

Regarding the climate, Kementan is supported by Agriculture Research and Development Center in carrying on several strategic activities, including compiling and developing Integrated Planting Calendar Information System (2007-now), special attempt of increasing rice, corn, and soybean production through irrigation network and supporting facilities improvement program (starting 2015), compiling and developing Agriculture Areas Atlas (2015), determining key areas to predict Indonesian climate (2016), compiling garlic planting calendar (2016), Eliminate Poverty Prosper Farmers (BEKERJA) (2018), Save Marshes Prosper Farmers (SERASI) (2019) and developing Agroclimate Atlas (2019).

“As an attempt to disseminate the products of technology and information, Ministry of Agriculture also develops several Information System (SI), some of them aer SI Katam Terpadu (Integrated Planting Calendar SI), SI Tanam (Modern Agricultural Technology SI), SI Mantap (Observation of Agricultural Crops SI), and SI Perditan (Early Notification and Management of Climate Change Impacts in Agriculture SI),” he added. (Ard)

Published Date : 27-Feb-2019

Resource Person : Dr. Rahmat Hidayat

Keyword : El Nino, drought, LPPM IPB, smart farming